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Flooring

Types of Flooring - Pros And Cons

 

 

Selecting the  best flooring for your home building or home remodeling project requires  thorough research. The pros and cons of each type of flooring should be carefully  evaluated so that the advantages and disadvantages of each flooring option are  clearly understood. Below is a brief look at a wide selection of flooring  options. The flooring types of interest should then be more fully researched

 

 

Granite Flooring

Granite is the  hardest and most durable of all the stone floor choices, being highly stain  resistance and easy to maintain. Granite is also an extremely popular choice  for kitchen counters. Granite flooring can handle spills of all sorts, such as  grease, oily substances, coffee, tea, acidic foods, and juices and even pet  accidents. If hard objects such as glassware, dishware, pots, pans and utensils  or even tools are dropped on granite, it is likely that there will be no damage  to the surface.

 

 

 

Ceramic Tile Flooring

Ceramic  flooring offers a spectacularly beautiful statement to your décor. Options of  colors, patterns, designs, and sizes offer a wide range of design  possibilities. Ceramic is made from clay minerals These minerals are ground,  sorted, mixed with additives, compressed to form the tiles, and then heated at  very high temperatures in a kiln. Ceramic is recommended for indoor applications,  while porcelain tile, a variation of ceramic tile, can be used outdoors. The  higher density of porcelain makes it somewhat more resistant to moisture and  staining, although both types of tile are rated highly for stain resistance.  Ceramic tile flooring can be cold and slippery, a potential disadvantage,  especially in kitchens and bathrooms.

 

 

 

Marble Flooring

If  the travertine stone remains in the earth long enough, it becomes marble is a  very elegant natural stone, formed when limestone crystallizes by being  subjected to high pressures and high temperatures within the earth. Marble,  being slightly more porous than granite, is somewhat more susceptible to  staining. Even water can stain marble if the water is not wiped up immediately.  Ring stains from a glass or coffee cup left on a marble surface is a common  problem. Almost any liquid found in a home, from food products to cleaning  products, can cause stains in marble

 

 

 

Slate Flooring

Slate is a  fine-grained metamorphic stone formed primarily of quartz, mica, chlorite and  calcite when the ocean or riverbed sediments are compacted and heated by the  crust of the earth. Slate is not easily stained, is not slippery, and is ideal  in areas (indoor and outdoors) where moisture is present, such as an outdoor  patio, an indoor bathroom, or even a kitchen. Slate comes in many sizes, shapes  and colors ranging from grays, browns greens and purples.

 

 

 

Engineered Hardwood Flooring

Engineered  hardwood flooring is often confused with laminate flooring, and is mistakenly  thought of as "not real wood". Engineered hardwood flooring is made  up of several layers of different types of wood, and is therefore 100% wood.  The top layer is usually pre-finished at the factory. Engineered hardwood  flooring is highly stable and sturdy as opposed to solid wood flooring, which  has greater flexibility. Therefore, engineered hardwood floors can be installed  directly on concrete, in humid climates, and also over radiant heat floor  warming systems, in which case the flooring becomes what is known as heated  flooring.

 

 

Laminate Flooring  

Laminate  flooring is a durable, less costly solution for creating a beautiful floor that  appears to be wood, tile, or almost anything desired. Laminate flooring is a  multi-layered synthetic product, with component parts fused together using a  lamination process. A high resolution photograph is taken of a product, such as  a wood floor, a finished tile in any design, or a stone tile of any type. The  photo is printed on paper designed for the lamination process and is  impregnated with an organic product known as melamine to form a tough plastic.  The second layer is made of either wood chips or fiber board (wood fibers).  These two layers are fused via lamination, resulting in a product that has the  appearance of whatever photograph was used. Laminate flooring is very durable  and scratch resistant. One of the biggest advantages is its eco-friendly  factor, and the fact that it is a superb choice where there are pets.

 

 

Linoleum  Flooring

Linoleum is a  product achieved by combining linseed oil, wood flour, cork powder, resins and  ground limestone mixed with mineral pigments. It is a hard product well suited  for high-traffic areas, is scratch and impact resistant compared to most vinyl  flooring, and is highly water-resistant. Linoleum is a popular and cost  effective choice for kitchens, bathrooms, entry hallways and laundry rooms  because of its moisture resistance. Linoleum also comes in tiles, which are  easier to handle

 

 

 

Vinyl  Flooring

Vinyl is a  synthetic man-made plastic made from ethylene (found in crude oil) and chlorine  (found in regular salt). These substances are combined to form Polyvinyl Chloride  (PVC) resin, or as it is commonly called - Vinyl. Being man-made, Vinyl  flooring can be created with a very wide variety of appearances, such as wood  or stone just to name a few. Vinyl flooring is fairly flexible and easy to  install, is durable, easy to clean, resilient, noise absorbing and fairly  inexpensive. It can be purchased in rolls, or as tiles. One downside is that  vinyl floors can rip if a sharp object gouges the floor. Another concern is  that new vinyl emits harmful gases that can be a health issue.